The story of William Wilberforce is a gift to all who fight for freedom. It’s a reminder of the virtue of perseverance in righting wrongs.
Wilberforce was barely twenty-one when he was elected to the British Parliament in 1780. Instead of joining a party, he declared himself an independent, and his nonpartisan positions would soon demonstrate the extent of his independence.
In 1781, William Pitt, Wilberforce’s close friend from school at Cambridge, was also elected to Parliament. The two men would occasionally disagree about political matters, which was clear from the start. Wilberforce recalled “the pain I felt in being obliged to vote against Pitt, the second time he spoke in Parliament.”1 But they always discussed their differences and came away from each conflict with even deeper mutual respect.
In 1782, Wilberforce and Pitt became allies in a great cause: ending the war with America. Wilberforce denounced the “ruinous” war as “cruel, bloody, and impractical.”2 He chastised politicians who supported the war, saying that in doing so they behaved like “furious madmen more than . . . able statesmen.”3 Wilberforce’s principled positions and forthright words soon caught the attention of American statesmen such as Benjamin Franklin, who was impressed by this “rising member of the English parliament.”4
Wilberforce’s opposition to the war with America, however, would prove a mere warm-up in his advocacy of principled yet unpopular positions. Ahead of him was one of the greatest political and humanitarian battles of the 19th century and, ultimately, of history.
In 1787, Wilberforce began meeting frequently with people who had firsthand experience with the slave trade. Their reports of nauseating cruelty enraged Wilberforce, and he soon set himself the goal of bringing the trade of human beings to an end. In 1788, Wilberforce intended to introduce a resolution requiring Parliament to investigate the inhumanity of the slave trade. . . .
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1. Kevin Belmonte, William Wilberforce: A Hero for Humanity (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2002), 53.
2. Belmonte, William Wilberforce, 56.
3. Belmonte, William Wilberforce, 54–55.
4. Belmonte, William Wilberforce, 56.
5. Belmonte, William Wilberforce, 102–3.
6. Belmonte, William Wilberforce, 104.
7. Eric Metaxas, Amazing Grace: William Wilberforce and the Heroic Campaign to End Slavery (New York: HarperCollins, 2007), 136.
8. Metaxas, Amazing Grace, 37.
9. William Wilberforce, 1789 Abolition Speech, http://www.emersonkent.com/speeches/abolition.htm (accessed October 21, 2017).
10. Metaxas, Amazing Grace, 136. Demosthenes was a renowned Greek orator and statesman.
11. Stephen Tomkins, The Clapham Sect: How Wilberforce’s Circle Transformed Britain (Oxford: Lion, 2010), 99.
12. Wilberforce, 1789 Abolition Speech.
13. The same month that Wilberforce succeeded in Britain, the U.S. Congress passed a similar ban, but it wouldn’t go into effect until the following year.
14. Belmonte, William Wilberforce, 274.
15. Belmonte, William Wilberforce, 275.
16. Belmonte, William Wilberforce, 276–77.
17. The Oasis, edited by Lydia Maria Child (Boston: B.C. Bacon, 1834), 17–18.
18. Benjamin Hughes, “Extract from Eulogium on the Character of Wilberforce,” The Colored American, May 13, 1837.