Three People of Google

Google produces today’s most popular Internet search engine along with myriad other life-serving products (for example, I used Google Drive, a free service, to compose this article). Google’s owners own the company; “they built that”; morally, it is their property and their enterprise to operate as they see fit. And Google’s users and customers have a moral right to associate with the company on mutually agreed terms—or not to associate with it. If customers continue to appreciate and use Google’s services, the company will continue to succeed; if not, it won’t. Either way, how Google operates its business, and how and whether customers agree to use its services in accordance with Google’s terms, is properly up to them, not government.

But for years various government entities have sought to violate—and in some cases have succeeded in violating—the moral rights of Google’s owners to operate their business according to their own judgment. A recent CNET headline reveals the latest such assault: “European Parliament vote promotes idea of a Google breakup.” As Stephen Shankland reports for CNET, the vote in question, a nonbinding resolution, asks the European Commission to “unbundl[e] [i.e., to break up by government force] search engines from other commercial services.” (It is unclear precisely how and in what form such action might play out.)

Thomas Vinje, an attorney for a group of businesses seeking to convince government to take coercive action against Google, summarizes the main complaint against the company. In the search results Google shows, he told Shankland, it is “preferencing its own [services] and demoting others to restrict competition and favor itself.”

Google does in fact sometimes put certain search results at the top of the page in order to earn money or otherwise to promote itself. For example, when I search “vw,” the top two results are paid ads—clearly marked as such—for and for Colorado Volkswagen. When I search “csco,” the NASDAQ abbreviation for Cisco Systems, Inc., a link to Google Finance appears near the top of the page, as does a link to Cisco’s Google+ page. When I search “airline denver to san francisco,” one of the top links (marked “sponsored”) is to

Does Google’s placement of these results and ads somehow violate my rights? Do they violate anyone’s rights? Of course not. . . .

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